Breast cancer is the number one cancer that kills women. Age, diet, physical activity and lifestyle play an important role in the development of breast cancer, however, about 15 percent of women who have breast cancer already have a genetic susceptibility.
Breast cancer is malignancy (abnormal cells) that occur in the mammary glands. It affects both men and women, although it is much more common in women.
Learn how to recognize the physical signs of breast cancer and this can save your life – early diagnosis is the key to healing and recovery.
Warning signs of breast cancer are usually visual, which may include lumps found in the chest and surrounding lymph nodes. Invisible signs include pain and irritation of the skin around the chest.
Cramps or nodes that feel on or inside the chest
You should always have a monthly examination of your breasts. Be sure to check all areas of the chest and react to any abnormalities.
One of the most common symptoms of breast cancer is a painless lump or thickening in the chest or bosom. If you find a lump, contact your doctor immediately.
Changing the size or shape of the chest
A common occurrence is a change in the shape or size of the chest.
Discharge of nipples or redness
When there is a discharge from one nipple it can be a sign of breast cancer, especially if it occurs without the nipple pressing and redness.
Pain or an ulcer that is not treated
Change in the skin of the breast, nipple or halo
The darker surface of the skin around the nipple – is seen or felt. For example, the chest can be warm, gentle or swollen, or look red and scaly.
Late signs and symptoms
As cancer grows larger, these are symptoms that may arise:
- bone pain
- loss of appetite
- weight loss
- creating fluid around the lungs
- double vision
- muscle weakness